What is Osteoporosis
Its a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the elderly. Bones that commonly break include the vertebrae in the spine, the bones of the forearm, and the hip.Until a broken bone occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. Chronic pain and a decreased ability to carry out normal activities may occur following a broken bone.
how to diagnose Osteoporosis?
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA scan) is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is diagnosed when the bone mineral density is less than or equal to 2.5 standard deviations below that of a young (30–40-year-old:), healthy adult women reference population. This is translated as a T-score. But because bone density decreases with age, more people become osteoporotic with increasing age.:58 The World Health Organisation has established the following diagnostic guidelines.
Treatment of Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis cant be treated totally it can be delayed or prevented, your surgeon will prescribe for you some medication ex. calcium and he will advise you to exercise in early age. to assess your Osteoporosis Delay. after your orthopaedic surgeon evaluate your bone density if it has been reduced, the early treatment for osteoporosis is the more effective way to reduce bone loss and prevent fractures.